Oklahoma Laws and Regulations
The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) issued new regulations under the Americans with Disabilities Act(ADA)in 2010. The new rules affect state and local governments (Title II of the ADA), as well as public accommodations and commercial facilities(Title III). The regulations include the new 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design, outlining minimum accessibility requirements for buildings and facilities.
Existing Facilities New construction projects must meet minimum standards with very few exceptions; alterations are also subject to strict requirements, although they may be more affected by existing structural conditions. Existing buildings and facilities which are not undergoing planned alterations are viewed a little differently.
One of every six accessible parking spaces, or fraction thereof, must be “van-accessible.” For example:A parking lot with400 total spaces needs eight accessible spaces, and two of those eight spaces must be van-accessible. Accessible spaces must connect to the shortest possible accessible route to the accessible building entrance or facility they serve.
PARKING FACILITIES WITH MULTIPLE BUILDINGS
Where a parking facility serves multiple buildings or accessible entrances, accessible parking spaces should be dispersed to enable people to park near as many accessible entrances as possible.
For example: A shopping center has fifteen stores, each with a separate entrance. There is one large parking lot with 1000 spaces. The twenty accessible parking spaces should be dispersed to provide some options for people to park close to the different stores.
PARKING FACILITIES WITH THE SAME BUILDING
Where separate parking facilities serve the same building or entrance, accessible spaces may be grouped together, as long as the number of spaces provided is determined according to each of the separate parking facilities.
For example: A sports stadium has an adjacent parking lot with 1000 spaces and a separate parking lot several blocks away with an additional 1500 spaces. The adjacent lot needs 20 accessible spaces (four of which need to be van-accessible), and the remote lot needs 25 accessible spaces (five of which need to be van-accessible).
Since accessible spaces need to be as near as possible to the facilities they serve, the 45 accessible spaces(including nine van-accessible) can be located in the lot adjacent to the stadium.Medical Facilities Certain types of medical facilities need more accessible parking.
Hospital outpatient facilities need 10%of patient/visitor spaces to be accessible.Rehabilitation facilities that specialize in treating mobility-related conditions and outpatient physical therapy facilities need20%of patient/visitor spaces to be accessible.The number of van-accessible spaces is stillone of every six accessible parking spaces, or fraction thereof.